Thrust Manipulation (where legally permitted) for the Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar spine and select large peripheral joints. Numerous philosophies of manipulation are discussed. Three approaches to manipulation will be practiced, namely those of Geoff Maitland, James Cyriax and UK Osteopathic. The similarities and differences of the three approaches will be taught and practiced in extensive lab sessions. Emphasis on safety in manipulation will be stressed, including indications, contraindications, precautions and the VBI protocol to ensure maximum safety. Course is composed of 85% Lab and 15% Lecture. There is a strong emphasis on the principals of assessment and treatment. Includes required Home Study course component of approximately 12.2 hours.